ISO/IEC 19785-Information technology — Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework
As the world becomes increasingly digitized, the need for secure and efficient exchange of biometric data between different entities becomes increasingly important. ISO/IEC 19785- Information technology — Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework is a standard that helps in the secure and efficient exchange of biometric data. It also defines a set of common biometric exchange formats that can be used to exchange biometric data between systems. These formats are designed to be as flexible and as efficient as possible, so that they can be easily adapted to meet the needs of different systems.
It specifies the format for the data element specification, which is the basic building block of all biometric exchange formats. This specification defines the layout and format of each data element in a biometric exchange format, as well as the required properties for each data element.
The first part of ISO/IEC 19785-Information technology focuses on data element specification. This part specifies the layout and format of each data element in a biometric exchange format, as well as the required properties for each data element. Also, The second part of ISO/IEC 19785-1:2020 specifies the algorithms and mechanisms used to process and exchange biometric data.
ISO/IEC 19785-2:2021 Information technology — Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework — Part 2: Biometric registration authority
Biometric registration authority (BRA) is an entity responsible for the management and administration of biometric data. The purpose of a BRA is to ensure the quality, accuracy, and completeness of biometric data and information.
There are several common biometric exchange formats that BRAs can use to manage and exchange biometric data. Thus, These formats include the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), the Universal Product Code (UPC), and the Global Trade Item Number (GTIN).
This standard specifies eight common biometric exchange formats that BRAs can use to manage and exchange biometric data. These formats include ISSN, UPC, GTIN, GS1 Data Bar, and GS1 System Information Tags (SITs). It also includes GS1 Data Notation, GS1-128 barcodes, GS1-128 symbols, and ANSI Z39.48-1992 barcodes.
Therefore, BRAs can use these formats to manage and exchange biometric data with other BRAs, organizations involved in the supply chain of products with embedded or registered biometrics, and identity verification service providers. Also, customers of those identity verification service providers, and other third parties.
ISO/IEC 19785-3:2020 Information technology — Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework — Part 3: Patron format specifications
Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework specifies the formats for the exchange of biometric data between biometric devices and systems. This includes specifying the structure of biometric data, the format of biometric data records, and the format of metadata associated with biometric data records.
Moreover, The patron format specifications provide a means to identify a requester, capture additional context around a request. And it also manage authentication requests. These specifications can be used to support both web-based and offline authentication mechanisms.
Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework is an international standard that is designed to facilitate the interoperability of biometric devices and systems. By using this framework, you can ensure that your biometric data is properly formatted and can be exchanged between systems in a secure manner.
ISO/IEC 19785-4:2010 Information technology — Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework — Part 4: Security block format specifications
ISO/IEC 19785-4:2010 provides specifications for the storage, transmission, and authentication of biometric data using a security block format. The security block format can be used to protect the privacy of biometric data by encrypting it using a key associated with the system that is storing the data.
The security block format also allows different systems to authenticate each other by verifying the authenticity of the security block. Systems that are configured to use the security block format can exchanges biometric data without requiring any additional software or hardware.
What are its benefits of ISO/IEC 19785?
ISO/IEC 19785-Information technology, also known as the Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework (CBEFF), is a standard developed to promote interoperability and data exchange in the field of biometrics. This standard defines a common way to format and exchange biometric data, making it easier for different biometric systems and applications to work together. Here are some benefits of ISO/IEC 19785:
- Interoperability: ISO/IEC 19785 provides a standardized format for biometric data, ensuring that different biometric systems and applications can communicate and share data effectively. This interoperability reduces the complexity of integrating biometric technologies into various systems, such as security systems, access control, and identity verification solutions.
- Compatibility: By adhering to the CBEFF standard, biometric vendors and developers can create products and solutions that are compatible with a wide range of biometric sensors, devices, and software. This compatibility fosters a competitive market and allows organizations to choose from a variety of biometric technologies.
- Efficiency: Standardization simplifies the process of developing, deploying, and maintaining biometric systems. It reduces the effort required to adapt biometric technologies to different applications and environments, saving time and resources.
- Data Exchange: ISO/IEC 19785 defines a common structure for biometric data records, which facilitates the exchange of biometric information between organizations, agencies, and systems. This is particularly important in applications where biometric data needs to be shared securely, such as law enforcement, border control, and identity management.
- Security: The standard includes provisions for securing biometric data during transmission and storage. It helps ensure that biometric information remains confidential and is not tampered with or intercepted by malicious actors.
- International Adoption: ISO/IEC standards are recognized and adopted globally. This means that organizations and governments around the world can rely on the CBEFF standard when implementing biometric solutions, promoting consistency and cooperation on an international scale.
- Long-Term Compatibility: ISO/IEC standards typically have a long lifecycle. This ensures that investments in biometric technologies adhering to the CBEFF standard remain relevant and maintain compatibility with evolving systems and technologies.
- Legal and Regulatory Compliance: Adhering to ISO/IEC 19785 can help organizations and governments meet legal and regulatory requirements related to the use of biometric data. It provides a foundation for compliance with privacy and security standards.
- Reduced Vendor Lock-In: The standard reduces the risk of vendor lock-in, as organizations can choose biometric products and services from different vendors while still ensuring compatibility and interoperability.
In summary, ISO/IEC 19785-Information technology offers significant benefits by promoting interoperability, compatibility, efficiency, and security in the field of biometrics. It plays a crucial role in advancing the adoption and integration of biometric technologies across various applications and industries.
Who needs ISO/IEC 19785?
ISO/IEC 19785, the Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework (CBEFF), is relevant and beneficial to a wide range of stakeholders who are involved in the development, deployment, and use of biometric systems and technologies. Here are some of the key groups of individuals and organizations that benefit from this standard:
- Biometric System Developers and Vendors: Companies and developers that create biometric sensors, devices, and software benefit from CBEFF by ensuring that their products adhere to a recognized and widely accepted standard. This increases the marketability of their offerings and simplifies integration with other systems.
- Government Agencies: Government entities, such as law enforcement agencies, immigration authorities, and border control agencies, use biometrics extensively for identity verification and security purposes. ISO/IEC 19785 helps ensure that biometric data collected by these agencies can be exchanged and shared effectively.
- Security and Access Control Providers: Organizations that offer security and access control solutions use biometrics to enhance security. CBEFF enables these providers to integrate biometric technologies into their systems more easily and to interoperate with various biometric sensors and databases.
- Identity Management Systems: Organizations involved in identity management, including public and private sectors, rely on biometrics for accurate identification and authentication. ISO/IEC 19785 facilitates the exchange of biometric data between different identity management systems.
- Healthcare Providers: Biometrics are used in healthcare for patient identification and securing medical records. Health institutions can benefit from CBEFF to ensure the interoperability of biometric systems used in their operations.
- Financial Institutions: Banks and financial institutions increasingly use biometrics for customer authentication and fraud prevention. ISO/IEC 19785 helps ensure that biometric data collected for financial transactions is compatible with different systems and institutions.
- Standardization Bodies: Organizations responsible for developing and maintaining industry standards can use CBEFF as a foundation for biometric-related standards and protocols. This promotes consistency and interoperability across various industries and applications.
- Research and Development Institutions: Academic institutions and research organizations involved in biometric research and innovation can use the CBEFF standard as a reference for designing experiments and evaluating biometric technologies.
- Privacy Advocates and Regulators: ISO/IEC 19785 includes provisions for securing biometric data, which can be important for privacy advocates and regulatory bodies concerned with data protection and privacy compliance in biometric applications.
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