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    ISO 9

     

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    ISO 9:1995 Information and documentation — Transliteration of Cyrillic characters into Latin characters — Slavic and non-Slavic languages

    International Standard ISO 9 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee SC 2, Conversion of written languages.
    ISO 9 is one of a series of International Standards, dealing with the conversion of a system of writing. The aim of this standard and others in the series is to provide a means for international communication of written messages in a form that permits the automatic transmission and reconstitution of these by men or machines. The systems of conversion, in this case, ought to be univocal and entirely reversible.
    This means that no consideration should be given to phonetic and aesthetic matters or to certain national customs: all these considerations are indeed ignored by the machine performing the function.
    The adoption of ISO 9 for international communication leaves every country free to adopt for its own use a national standard that may be different, on the condition that it be compatible with the International standard. The system proposed herein should make this possible, and be acceptable for international use if the graphics it creates are such that they may be converted automatically into the graphics used in any national system, so long as it is strict.
    ISO 9 may be used by anyone who has a clear understanding of the system and is certain that it can be applied without ambiguity. The result obtained will not give a correct pronunciation of the original text in a person’s own language, but it will serve as a means of finding automatically the original graphism and thus allow anyone who has a knowledge of the original language to pronounce it correctly. Similarly, one can only pronounce correctly a text written in English or Polish, if one has a knowledge of English or Polish.
    The adoption of national standards compatible with this standard will permit the representation, in an international publication, of the morphemes of each language according to the customs of the country where it is spoken. It will be possible to simplify this representation in order to take into account the extent of the character sets available on different kinds of machines

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    ISO-26000