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ISO 690:2010 (EN) Information and documentation — Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resourcesISO 690:2010 shares guidance for the preparation of bibliographic references. It also gives guidelines for the preparation of citations in Latin scripts in works that are not themselves primarily bibliographical. It is applicable to bibliographic references and citations to all varieties of information resources, including but not limited to monographs, serials, contributions, patents, cartographic materials, electronic information resources (including computer software and databases), music, recorded sound, prints, photographs, graphic and audiovisual works, and moving images. It does not apply to machine‑parsable citations. It is also not applicable to legal citations, which have their own standards.
ISO 690:2021(EN) Information and documentation — Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources
ISO 690:2021 shares a set of principles, guidelines, and requirements for the preparation of bibliographic references and citations in works that are not themselves primarily bibliographical. It is applicable to bibliographic references and citations for all kinds of information resources, including but not limited to monographs, serials, contributions within monographs and serials, patents, cartographic materials, artworks, performances, and diverse electronic resources, such as research datasets, databases, programs and applications, Web archives and social media, music, recorded sound, prints, photographs, graphic and audio-visual materials, archival sources, and moving images.
ISO 690:2021 provides a system for citing information resources that render deterministic output, such that a citation generated by this system can be uniquely mapped back to the originally defined set of source elements. ISO 690 is intended to be applicable across multiple languages. Citations generated by this system are machine-parseable. The citation system described in this document can be used as a configurable framework for building citation styles
ISO 690 does not specify a data model for machine‑readable citations, although such specification may be provided in a separate document or added to a later edition of ISO 690.
Guidelines for legal citations, such as references to cases, statutes or treatises, are not addressed in ISO 690:2021, since such guidelines are usually country-specific1. Recommendations with regards to what kind of information resources may or may not be cited, or describing the risks involved with, for example, citing social media, are not within the scope of ISO 690:2021
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