What is ISO 26262-1:2018-Road vehicles — Functional safety?
ISO 26262-1:2018 is a part of the ISO 26262 series of standards and provides the overarching framework for functional safety in road vehicles, sets the foundation by establishing the essential concepts and terminology related to functional safety in the automotive industry.
Here are key aspects of ISO 26262-1:2018:
Scope: ISO 26262-1 applies to passenger cars, commercial vehicles, and motorcycles, as well as their respective electrical and electronic systems. In fact, It covers the entire lifecycle of these vehicles. Including development, production, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning.
Functional Safety: The standard focuses on functional safety, which refers to the ability of a system or component to ensure that it operates safely and reliably, despite the occurrence of failures or malfunctions.
Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment: ISO 26262-1 emphasizes the importance of conducting a thorough hazard analysis and risk assessment to identify potential hazards related to the intended functionality of the vehicle and its systems. So, this involves evaluating the severity of potential harm, the likelihood of occurrence, and the controllability of hazards.
Safety Goals: The standard introduces the concept of safety goals, which are specific requirements designed to mitigate identified hazards and ensure acceptable levels of safety. Therefore, Safety goals serve as a basis for defining the functional safety requirements for vehicle systems.
Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASIL): ISO 26262-1 introduces ASIL classifications, which categorize systems according to their safety requirements. ASIL levels range from ASIL A (lowest) to ASIL D (highest), with each level requiring increasingly stringent safety measures.
Development Process: The standard outlines the key phases of the development process for achieving functional safety. Thus, this includes defining the system’s requirements, conducting safety analyses, designing and implementing safety measures, and verifying and validating the system’s functional safety.
Documentation: ISO 26262-1 emphasizes the importance of comprehensive documentation to support the functional safety activities throughout the vehicle’s lifecycle. In addition, Documentation includes safety plans, hazard and risk analyses, safety requirements, verification and validation plans, and safety case reports.
Independence and Competence: The standard highlights the need for independence and competence in carrying out functional safety activities. So, It recommends assigning qualified personnel and ensuring the separation of responsibilities between those involved in the design and those responsible for safety verification and validation.
Requirements of ISO 26262-1:2018-Road vehicles — Functional safety
The ISO 26262 series comprises several parts that outline the requirements and processes for achieving functional safety in road vehicles. Here are the key parts of the ISO 26262 series that define the requirements for functional safety:
ISO 26262-2:2018 – Management of Functional Safety:
- Specifies the requirements for the management of functional safety throughout the automotive product development lifecycle.
- Covers the organizational aspects, safety management processes, and documentation necessary to ensure effective functional safety management.
ISO 26262-3:2018 – Concept Phase:
- Outlines the activities, processes, and considerations specific to the concept phase of the automotive product development.
- Provides guidance on hazard analysis, risk assessment, safety goals, and functional safety concept development.
The ISO 26262-4:2018 – Product Development at the System Level:
- Defines the requirements and processes for achieving functional safety at the system level.
- Addresses system-level hazard analysis and risk assessment, functional safety requirements, architectural design, and verification and validation.
ISO 26262-5:2018 – Product Development at the Hardware Level:
- Specifies the requirements and processes for achieving functional safety at the hardware level.
- Covers hardware safety requirements, hardware architectural design, verification and validation, and production and operation.
ISO 26262-6:2018 – Product Development at the Software Level:
- Defines the requirements and processes for achieving functional safety at the software level.
- Addresses software safety requirements, software architectural design, verification and validation, and software integration and testing.
The ISO 26262-7:2018 – Production, Operation, Service, and Decommissioning:
- Specifies the requirements and processes for ensuring functional safety throughout the production, operation, service, and decommissioning phases of the vehicle’s lifecycle.
- Covers aspects such as manufacturing, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning of the vehicle and its safety-related systems.
Benefits of ISO 26262-1:2018
Enhanced Safety: ISO 26262 enables organizations to systematically identify and mitigate safety risks associated with road vehicles. So, By implementing the standard’s requirements, organizations can develop safer vehicles with reduced risks of failures or malfunctions, leading to enhanced safety for drivers, passengers, and road users.
Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with the standard helps organizations meet regulatory requirements related to functional safety in the automotive industry. In fact, Many countries and regions have adopted or reference ISO 26262 as a recognized standard for ensuring the safety of road vehicles. Achieving compliance with ISO 26262 can facilitate market access and demonstrate adherence to legal and regulatory obligations.
Industry Best Practices: ISO 26262 represents the consensus of industry experts on best practices for functional safety in the automotive sector. So, By implementing the standard, organizations can align their practices with internationally recognized guidelines and benefit from the collective knowledge and experience of the automotive industry.
Risk Reduction and Liability Mitigation: The standard provides a systematic approach to identifying and managing safety risks throughout the vehicle’s life cycle. By following the standard’s processes and requirements, organizations can proactively reduce risks, and mitigate potential liabilities. Also, demonstrate due diligence in ensuring the safety of their vehicles.
Improved Product Quality and Reliability: Implementing the standard fosters a culture of quality and reliability in vehicle development. The standard emphasizes the importance of rigorous safety requirements, validation and verification processes, and effective risk management. Thus, this leads to improved product quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction.
Competitive Advantage: Certification or compliance with the standard can provide a competitive edge in the automotive market. It demonstrates an organization’s commitment to functional safety, giving customers and stakeholders confidence in the safety performance of their vehicles. So, ISO 26262 compliance can differentiate organizations from competitors and help secure partnerships and business opportunities.
Also, Efficient Collaboration and Communication: ISO 26262 provides a common language and framework for discussing functional safety among different stakeholders in the automotive industry. So, It facilitates effective collaboration and communication between manufacturers, suppliers, and regulatory bodies. Promoting a shared understanding of safety requirements and objectives.
Therefore, ISO 26262 and its various parts enable organizations to implement a robust functional safety management system and develop vehicles that meet rigorous safety standards. So, The standard’s adoption leads to enhanced safety, regulatory compliance, improved product quality, reduced risks, and a competitive advantage in the automotive market.
Read About: SIST EN 567:2013