What is ISO 16128-1:2016-Technical definitions and criteria
ISO 16128-1:2016 provides guidelines on technical definitions and criteria for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients and products. Specifically, Part 1 of this standard focuses on definitions for ingredients used in natural and organic cosmetics.
The standard aims to establish a common understanding and terminology for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients in order to facilitate communication and transparency within the cosmetic industry. It provides a set of criteria and guidelines to determine the natural and organic origin of ingredients, taking into account their processing and manufacturing methods.
ISO 16128-1 defines various terms related to cosmetic ingredients, such as:
Natural ingredients: This term refers to ingredients derived from natural sources, such as plants, minerals, and animals. The standard provides criteria for determining the natural origin of an ingredient and specifies acceptable processes and treatments that can be applied to natural ingredients.
Organic ingredients: This term pertains to ingredients that are derived from organic farming practices, where the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is minimized or prohibited. The standard defines criteria for determining the organic origin of an ingredient, including the requirements for organic farming and processing.
Derived natural ingredients: These are ingredients obtained through chemical reactions or other processes from natural sources. The standard provides criteria for evaluating the natural origin of such ingredients and specifies acceptable processing methods.
Synthetic ingredients: This term encompasses ingredients that are entirely produced through chemical synthesis and do not have a natural origin. The standard clarifies that synthetic ingredients are not considered natural or organic according to its definitions.
ISO 16128-1 also outlines guidelines for calculating the natural and organic content of cosmetic products based on the percentage of natural or organic ingredients they contain.
Requirements of ISO 16128-1:2016-Technical definitions and criteria
- The standard defines natural ingredients as those derived from natural sources such as plants, minerals, and animals.
- The natural origin of an ingredient is determined by considering its source and the processes used to obtain it.
- Acceptable processes for natural ingredients include physical processes (e.g., drying, cold pressing, distillation) and enzymatic or microbiological processes.
- Processes that significantly modify the molecular structure or composition of the ingredient are not considered acceptable for maintaining its natural origin
- ISO 16128-1:2016-Technical definitions and criteria defines organic ingredients as those obtained from organic farming practices.
- Organic farming involves minimizing the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and GMOs.
- The standard specifies requirements for organic farming, including the use of organic seeds, soil management practices, and restrictions on the use of synthetic inputs.
- Additionally, organic ingredients must be processed following approved methods that maintain their organic status
Derived Natural Ingredients:
- Derived natural ingredients are obtained through chemical reactions or other processes from natural sources.
- The standard provides criteria for evaluating the natural origin of derived natural ingredients.
- Acceptable processes for derived natural ingredients are specified, and they should not significantly alter the natural structure or composition of the starting material
- Synthetic ingredients are those entirely produced through chemical synthesis and do not have a natural origin.
- ISO 16128-1 clarifies that synthetic ingredients are not considered natural or organic according to its definitions
Calculating Natural and Organic Content:
- The standard outlines guidelines for calculating the natural and organic content of cosmetic products.
- It provides formulas to determine the percentage of natural and organic ingredients in a product.
- These calculations take into account the natural or organic content of each ingredient and their respective concentration in the final product
Benefits of ISO 16128-1:2016
Clarity and consistency: ISO 16128-1 establishes clear and standardized definitions for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients. It helps to ensure consistent understanding and interpretation across the cosmetic industry, reducing confusion and miscommunication between manufacturers, suppliers, and consumers.
Consumer confidence: The standard helps to build consumer trust by providing transparent and reliable information about the natural and organic content of cosmetic products. It allows consumers to make informed choices based on accurate labeling and claims, fostering confidence in the products they purchase.
Harmonization of regulations: The standard aligns with existing regulations and standards related to natural and organic cosmetics, facilitating international harmonization. It helps manufacturers comply with regional requirements, such as the European Union’s Cosmetics Regulation, by providing a common language and criteria for ingredient definitions.
Support for sustainability: The standard encourages the use of natural and organic ingredients, promoting more sustainable practices in the cosmetic industry. By defining criteria for natural and organic content, it encourages the sourcing of renewable resources, biodiversity preservation, and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes.
Quality control and product consistency: The guidelines provided by the standard enable manufacturers to establish quality control measures for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients. This helps ensure the consistency and reliability of the ingredients used in products, leading to improved product performance and customer satisfaction.
Facilitation of innovation: The standard promotes innovation by allowing the development of new ingredients and formulations while maintaining transparency and accountability. It encourages the research and utilization of natural and organic resources, stimulating the creation of new and sustainable cosmetic products.
Industry-wide collaboration: The standard encourages collaboration and knowledge sharing among stakeholders in the cosmetic industry. By providing a common framework for ingredient definitions, it facilitates communication between suppliers, manufacturers, regulators, and consumers, fostering cooperation and best practices.
Overall, this standard benefits the cosmetic industry by promoting transparency, consumer confidence, sustainability, innovation, and harmonization. It provides a valuable tool for the industry to navigate the complex landscape of natural and organic cosmetic ingredients and products.
What is ISO 16128-1:2016-Technical definitions and criteria?
ISO 16128-2:2017 is the second part of the ISO 16128 standard series and provides guidelines and criteria for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients and products. Here’s an overview of this part of the standard:
Criteria for natural and organic ingredients: This standard defines criteria for determining the natural and organic status of cosmetic ingredients. It establishes specific rules and requirements regarding the sourcing, processing, and manufacturing of these ingredients. The criteria help to differentiate between natural, organic, and synthetic ingredients, ensuring transparency and accuracy in labeling.
Calculation of natural and organic content: ISO 16128-2 outlines a calculation method for determining the natural and organic content of cosmetic products. It provides formulas and principles for quantifying the percentage of natural and organic ingredients used in a formulation. This allows manufacturers to accurately communicate the natural and organic content on product labels and marketing materials.
Ingredient categorization: The standard introduces a system for categorizing cosmetic ingredients based on their origin and processing methods. It classifies ingredients into different categories, including natural-origin, organic-origin, and synthetic-origin, based on their source and level of processing. This classification system helps to provide clarity and consistency in ingredient labeling.
Product labeling and claims: ISO 16128-2 offers guidelines on product labeling and claims related to natural and organic cosmetics. It outlines requirements for labeling terms, such as “natural,” “organic,” and “derived from natural sources,” ensuring that they are used accurately and in accordance with the defined criteria. This helps to prevent misleading or false claims and enables consumers to make informed choices.
Verification and certification: The standard provides guidance on verification and certification processes for natural and organic cosmetics. It explains the requirements for third-party certification bodies and the procedures to ensure compliance with the defined criteria. This helps to build trust and confidence among consumers by providing a reliable system for verifying the natural and organic claims of cosmetic products.
Harmonization and industry collaboration: ISO 16128-2 aims to harmonize the criteria for natural and organic cosmetics at the international level. It encourages collaboration among stakeholders in the cosmetic industry, including manufacturers, suppliers, regulators, and certification bodies. The standard facilitates the exchange of knowledge and best practices, promoting consistency and transparency in the global market.
ISO 16128-2 complements ISO 16128-1 (Guidelines on technical definitions for ingredients) by providing specific criteria and guidelines for determining the natural and organic status of cosmetic ingredients and products. Together, these standards contribute to the development of a unified and transparent framework for natural and organic cosmetics.
Who needs ISO 16128-1:2016-Technical definitions and criteria
Cosmetic manufacturers: Cosmetic manufacturers can utilize ISO 16128-1 to establish clear and standardized definitions for natural and organic cosmetic ingredients. It helps them accurately label their products, communicate the natural and organic content to consumers, and ensure consistency in ingredient definitions across their product lines.
Ingredient suppliers: Suppliers of cosmetic ingredients can benefit from the standard by aligning their ingredient definitions with the standard. It provides a common language and criteria for natural and organic ingredients, facilitating communication with manufacturers and enabling them to meet the industry’s demands for transparency and quality.
Regulators and authorities: ISO 16128-1 can assist regulators and authorities responsible for overseeing the cosmetic industry. By providing clear definitions and criteria, the standard helps regulators establish guidelines and regulations related to natural and organic cosmetics. It supports the harmonization of regulations, ensuring consistent interpretations and enforcement across different jurisdictions.
Certification bodies: Certification bodies play a crucial role in verifying and certifying natural and organic cosmetic products. This standard serves as a reference for certification bodies in determining the compliance of products with natural and organic ingredient requirements. It provides a reliable framework for assessing and certifying the natural and organic claims made by manufacturers.
Consumers: The standard ultimately benefits consumers of cosmetic products. The standard promotes transparency and accurate labeling, enabling consumers to make informed choices based on the natural and organic content of the products they purchase. It helps prevent misleading claims and provides a consistent understanding of ingredient definitions, allowing consumers to select products that align with their preferences and values.
Industry associations and organizations: Industry associations and organizations in the cosmetic sector can use ISO 16128-1 as a reference and guide for establishing best practices and industry standards. The standard facilitates collaboration and knowledge sharing among different stakeholders, contributing to the overall advancement and development of the natural and organic cosmetics industry.
While, ISO 16128-1 primarily targets the cosmetic industry, its principles and guidelines can also be relevant to other industries or organizations involved in natural and organic product manufacturing, including personal care products, skincare, and wellness products