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EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge

EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge

What is EN 1149-3 – electric discharge?

EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge is a European standard that pertains to protective clothing designed to protect against the hazards of static electricity. Specifically, EN 1149-3 focuses on the testing and performance requirements for garments that are intended to dissipate electrostatic charges in order to minimize the risk of electric discharge, which could ignite flammable substances or cause other safety hazards in certain work environments.

EN 1149-3 primarily addresses the measurement and evaluation of the electrical properties of garments, such as their surface resistance and charge decay properties. This standard is part of a series of European standards under the EN 1149 series, which collectively cover various aspects of electrostatic protective clothing. The other parts of this series include:

  • EN 1149-1: Test method for measurement of surface resistivity.
  • EN 1149-2: Test method for measurement of the electrical resistance through a material (vertical resistance).
  • EN 1149-4: Test method for performance of materials in a garment as a complete item by measuring the charge decay.
  • EN 1149-5: Performance requirements and test methods for materials with antistatic properties (used in the design and manufacture of electrostatic dissipative protective clothing).

EN 1149-3, as well as the other parts of the EN 1149 series, is important in industries where static electricity can pose a risk to safety, such as in manufacturing environments where flammable materials are present. Compliance with these standards ensures that protective clothing effectively reduces the risk of electric discharge and associated hazards. It’s essential for workers in such environments to wear appropriate clothing to prevent static electricity-related incidents.

What are the requirements for EN 1149-3 – electric discharge?

EN 1149-3 specifies the requirements and test methods for determining the electrostatic properties of protective clothing materials and garments. It is part of the European standards series EN 1149, which covers protective clothing designed to protect against the hazards of static electricity. Below are the key requirements of EN 1149-3:

  1. Surface Resistance (R):
  • The surface resistance of the material or garment should be measured according to the test method outlined in EN 1149-1.
  • The maximum allowable surface resistance for each specimen is 2.5 x 10^9 ohms.
  1. Charge Decay (t50):
  • The charge decay time (t50) is the time it takes for the electrostatic charge to decay to 50% of its initial value after a discharge.
  • The maximum allowable charge decay time for each specimen is 4 seconds.
  1. Test Specimens:
  • A minimum of five specimens of the material or garment should be tested for surface resistance and charge decay.
  • These specimens should be conditioned and tested in a controlled environment with specified temperature and humidity conditions.
  1. Classification:
  • Depending on the test results, materials or garments can be classified into two categories:
  • Electrostatic dissipative materials (antistatic): These materials have surface resistance values that meet the requirements, allowing them to dissipate static charges effectively.
  • Materials that do not meet the requirements for electrostatic dissipative properties.
  1. Labeling and Marking:
  • Materials and garments that meet the requirements should be labeled to indicate their compliance with EN 1149-3.
  • The label should include information about the surface resistance, charge decay time, and any relevant pictograms.
  1. Quality Control and Compliance:
  • Manufacturers are responsible for implementing quality control measures to ensure that the materials and garments they produce comply with the standard.
  • Regular testing and monitoring of materials and garments should be conducted to ensure ongoing compliance.

EN 1149-3 is just one part of the broader EN 1149 series, which includes other parts that cover various aspects of electrostatic protective clothing. Depending on the specific requirements of a given work environment and the type of protection needed, additional standards in the EN 1149 series may also need to be followed.

Overall, it’s important for manufacturers and users of protective clothing to understand and adhere to these requirements to ensure that the clothing effectively protects against the hazards of static electricity in the workplace.

What are the benefits of EN 1149-3?

EN 1149-3, which sets requirements for protective clothing designed to prevent electric discharge and mitigate the risks associated with static electricity, offers several benefits in various industries and workplace environments:

  • Worker Safety: The primary benefit of EN 1149-3 is improved worker safety. In environments where flammable substances or explosive atmospheres are present, static electricity can pose a significant safety hazard. Compliance with this standard ensures that protective clothing helps prevent electrostatic discharges that could ignite such materials, reducing the risk of fires and explosions.
  • Reduced Fire and Explosion Risks: EN 1149-3-compliant clothing helps reduce the potential for fires and explosions in industries like petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and electronics manufacturing, where flammable gases, liquids, or dust are commonly found. The ability to dissipate static charges prevents sparks that might trigger a fire or explosion.
  • Minimized Damage to Sensitive Electronics: In electronic manufacturing or cleanroom environments, static electricity can damage sensitive electronic components. EN 1149-3-compliant clothing helps minimize the risk of electrostatic discharge, protecting valuable equipment and products.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with EN 1149-3 ensures adherence to European safety standards. This can be a legal requirement in certain industries and is often expected by regulatory bodies to safeguard workers and minimize environmental risks.
  • Consistency in Performance: The standard provides clear guidelines for testing and performance requirements. This helps manufacturers produce consistent, high-quality protective clothing that reliably meets electrostatic discharge prevention criteria.
  • Enhanced Productivity: When workers are protected from the risks associated with static electricity, they can focus on their tasks without fear of accidental discharges or safety concerns. This can lead to improved productivity and efficiency in the workplace.
  • Reduced Risk of Damage to Products: In industries where products are susceptible to electrostatic discharge damage, such as the semiconductor or packaging industries, EN 1149-3-compliant clothing helps reduce product defects and waste.
  • Peace of Mind: Workers and employers gain peace of mind knowing that they have taken steps to mitigate the risks associated with static electricity. This can lead to a safer and more comfortable work environment.
  • Compatibility with Other Standards: EN 1149-3 can complement other safety and quality standards, such as ISO 9001 (quality management) or ISO 14001 (environmental management), by addressing specific electrostatic risks.

In summary, EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge provides a structured approach to mitigating the risks of electrostatic discharge in various industries. By adhering to this standard, organizations can enhance worker safety, reduce the risk of fires and explosions, protect sensitive equipment, and ensure regulatory compliance, ultimately leading to a safer and more efficient workplace.

Who needs EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge?

EN 1149-3, which specifies requirements for protective clothing designed to prevent electric discharge and mitigate the risks associated with static electricity, is particularly relevant for industries and workplaces where there is a significant risk of static electricity-related hazards. Here are some examples of sectors and situations where EN 1149-3-compliant protective clothing is often needed:

  • Petrochemical and Chemical Industries: Workers in petrochemical plants, refineries, and chemical manufacturing facilities are often exposed to flammable gases and liquids. EN 1149-3-compliant clothing is crucial in these environments to prevent static sparks that could trigger fires or explosions.
  • Pharmaceutical and Healthcare: Cleanrooms and pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities require strict control of electrostatic discharge to protect sensitive products and equipment. EN 1149-3-compliant garments are used to prevent damage to pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
  • Electronics Manufacturing: The semiconductor and electronics manufacturing industries deal with highly sensitive electronic components that can be damaged by static electricity. Workers in these facilities wear EN 1149-3-compliant clothing to minimize the risk of electrostatic discharge.
  • Mining: In mining operations, there may be flammable gases or dust particles in the atmosphere. Protective clothing that complies with EN 1149-3 helps prevent static sparks that could ignite these substances.
  • Oil and Gas Industry: Offshore oil and gas platforms, as well as onshore facilities, have environments where static electricity can pose serious safety risks. EN 1149-3-compliant clothing is used to mitigate these risks.
  • Printing and Packaging: Static electricity can lead to issues in printing and packaging processes. Workers in these industries may use EN 1149-3-compliant clothing to reduce the risk of static-related problems.
  • Transportation and Storage of Flammable Materials: Whether it’s the transportation of flammable liquids, gases, or storage facilities, the risk of static electricity is present. Protective clothing complying with EN 1149-3 is used to prevent potential fires or explosions.
  • Cleanroom Environments: Various industries, including semiconductor manufacturing, aerospace, and biotechnology, maintain cleanroom environments where contamination control and electrostatic discharge prevention are critical. EN 1149-3-compliant clothing helps maintain the cleanliness and safety of these areas.
  • Laboratories: Laboratories working with volatile or flammable chemicals, as well as sensitive instruments and electronic equipment, may require employees to wear protective clothing that meets EN 1149-3 standards.
  • Utilities and Power Plants: Power generation facilities, such as coal-fired power plants, can benefit from EN 1149-3-compliant clothing to minimize the risk of static electricity-related incidents.

It’s important to note that the specific need for EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge compliant clothing depends on the workplace environment, the materials and processes involved, and local safety regulations. Employers and safety professionals should conduct risk assessments to determine whether such clothing is necessary and to what extent it should be implemented to ensure worker safety and the prevention of static electricity-related incidents.

At last, Pacific Certifications is accredited by ABIS, you need more support with EN 1149-3-Electric Discharge, please contact us at +91-8595603096 or support@pacificcert.com

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