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ROHS

ROHS

What is RoHS?

RoHS compliance with product quality in accordance with European Union's Directive 2002/95 / EC, Prohibition of Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS). Products that comply with this order do not exceed the permissible amount of the following limitation substances: lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), with some exemptions.

This guide applies to manufacturers, authorized representatives, importers and distributors of products including large household appliances (refrigerators, etc.), small household items (cleaning equipment, etc.), computer and telecommunications equipment, consumer electronics, lighting, electrical appliances, toys and sports equipment (video names, electric trains, etc.) and automated delivery equipment (sales equipment, ATM machines, etc.).

Organizations often verify RoHS compliance with a compliance letter issued by a company employee. There are third-party testing services available that will evaluate the organisation's products at limited range.

Why is RoHS compliance important?

Prohibited substances are harmful to the environment and contaminate landfills, and are dangerous in terms of exposure to work during production and recycling.
RoHS 2 is also a CE marking guide, compliance with RoHS now requires CE product marking. Thus, all manufacturers of electrical / electronic products must comply with RoHS 2 before a CE mark can be applied to their products. The original RoHS label with the test mark is no longer needed or used as the CE mark now includes RoHS compliance.

RoHS 1 required that any product on the scale should not contain any of the 6 prohibited items and that a company (manufacturer, importer, or distributor) placing a product on the EU market must keep compliance records. RoHS 2 requires record keeping of more compliance from everyone on offer. Additional compliance records (which must be maintained for 10 years) may include compliance testing, CE marking, compliance maintenance for all productions, and personal compliance reporting.

The proposed changes to the RoHS2 Directive of RoHS2 (2011/65 / EU) are very small. There are no additional items on the six currently blocked. Also included are RoHS 8 products (medical devices) and 9 (RoHS control and monitoring tools). RoHS 2 became operational on January 2, 2013.

RoHS requirements:

Any business that sells electrical or electronic products, equipment, assembly, cables, parts, or components directly to RoHS-controlled countries, or to retailers, distributors or distributors who sell products in these countries, is affected if they use any of the 10 prohibited items. .

With the rapid growth of digital integration, land production of electrical and electronic equipment is exploding. Apart from mobile devices, think of the upcoming IoT wave, smart home helpers, robots, drones, 3D printers, and home medical devices in every room on the planet all controlled under RoHS.

EU RoHS specifies high rates for the next 10 limited items. The first six worked on the first RoHS while the last four were added under RoHS 3, which came into effect on July 22, 2019.

Cadmium (Cd): <100 ppm
Lead (Pb): <1000 ppm
Mercury (Hg): <1000 ppm
Hexavalent Chromium: (Cr VI) <1000 ppm
Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB): <1000 ppm
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE): <1000 ppm
Bis (2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP): <1000 ppm
Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP): <1000 ppm
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP): <1000 ppm
Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP): <1000 ppm


Related to RoHS is WEEE, which represents waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment. The WEEE Directive 2002/96 / EC authorizes the treatment, rehabilitation and rehabilitation of electrical and electronic equipment (90% of land reform). All active products on the EU market must pass WEEE compliance and carry "Wheelie Bin" sticker.

What are the Benefits of RoHS?

There are two main benefits of RoHS compliance, which can be achieved by manufacturers of electrical products, as well as their customers:
Reducing Situations of Heavy Metal Toxins: Most e-waste is industrialized in third world countries. Workers in these factories suffer greatly when it comes to lead and mercury poisoning. RoHS requires the use of stainless steel and lead solders, thereby reducing the number of heavy metal cases in these factories. Also, the health status of employees and users has greatly improved.
Product Reliability: Most well-known electronics manufacturers use RoHS. Customers are now assured of complete product safety. As a result, the credibility of these manufacturers and their products has greatly improved. The popularity and sale of technology has increased. As more organizations and countries adopt the ordinance, there will be less littering, and more toxic cases. Overall, the benefits of compliance with RoHS have not only affected the electronics industry, but also provided solutions to electronic customers around the world.